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Adolescent mental health

A descriptive analysis of adolescent mental health in Lambeth and Southwark

6 November 2019

Review of key measures relating to adolescent mental health

In brief

This report aims to review published measures, directly or indirectly related to mental health in children and young people. The report will be used, amongst other data, evidence and lived experience, to help us prioritise future analysis and the focus of our adolescent mental health programme.

 

Executive summary

Impact on Urban Health operates within the Lambeth and Southwark local authority district areas in South London. These are contiguous with the health commissioning boundaries.

The combined areas have a total population of around 640,000, of which 106,000 (17%) are categorised as adolescent (aged 10-24). The Local Authority profiles for England indicate:

  • Low male life expectancy
  • High childhood obesity
  • Low income
  • High crime
  • Issues with communicable disease

There are 344 lower super output areas (LSOA) within the 2 areas, with an average adolescent population of 309. The highest concentrations of adolescents is generally speaking in the North of each district within the bounds of the Overground rail line.

 

Loneliness in children and young people

Children aged 10-15 years

11.3% children stated they “often” felt lonely, more commonly in children aged 10-12 years than 13-15 year olds.

Increased risk of loneliness in:

  • Children receiving free school meals (27.5% vs 5.5%)
  • Children in cities (19.5% vs 5% in towns/rural areas)
  • Child with low reported health (28.3% vs 10%)
Children aged 10-15 years

9.8% young people stated they “often” felt lonely.

Increased risk of loneliness in:

  • Young people with long-term conditions
  • Young males
  • Young people living in single adult households

Loneliness in children and young people

11.3%

of children stated they "often" felt lonely

9.8%

of young people stated they "often" felt lonely

Measuring national well-being

Adults aged 16 and over were asked to rate on a scale of 0 to 10 where 0 was not at all and 10 was completely. The very high rating are those who responded 9 to 10 on the scale.

While happiness has increased considerably since 2012/13, there are clear inequalities between regions as seen by the proportion of very happy people in London and West Midlands measuring below the national average.

 

Children’s well-being measures

Trends in life-satisfaction in children aged 10-15 years have been consistent over the recent years. The largest proportion of respondents state they feel “high” levels of life satisfaction, followed by “very high”, “medium” and “low” levels respectively.

The proportion of children reporting low levels has neither increased or decreased significantly over the reporting period.

 

In collaboration with

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